Apr 072014
Unresolved sustainability issues in global tea sector
Although the subject of sustainability in tea plantations had been discussed on many occasions before, yet in view of its importance to the tea sector and also as many issues still remain unresolved, this article re-examines this subject.

 As with many commodities, if corrected for inflation, world market prices for tea have been fluctuating and as production costs have not been falling at the same rate and have increased lately, this has obviously put pressure on profitability in the industry. There is evidence that this in turn has negatively affected working conditions and the livelihoods of plantation workers and small-scale farmers in tea producing countries.

The most important cause for decreasing prices, whenever it happens, is a persistent situation of oversupply on the international market. There is fierce competition between a number of

producing countries for market share, by expanding production. Another reason is uneven value distribution. The tea supply chain tends to be complex, with many actors, producers, collectors, traders/brokers and packers involved. However, the buying and retailing end of the market is dominated by a handful of multinational companies that are still profiting from stable retail prices.

 In contrast with other agricultural commodities such as coffee, cocoa, soy, oil palm or fruits such as bananas, pressing issues from a sustainable development and poverty eradication

perspective have received much less attention. Along with other stakeholders such as producers, officials and consumers, multinational tea packers (companies that sell often branded tea blends in bags or packets to consumers) have a clear responsibility to address these issues, and their strong position in the market gives them the opportunity to do so.

Comparative analysis
In a report, SOMO  presented, a few years ago,  a more detailed and comparative analysis on social, economic and ecological conditions in the tea sector in 6 of the most important tea-producing countries: India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Indonesia, Kenya and Malawi. The research is based on an extensive field study of civil society organisations in these countries, thus providing a unique perspective on this sector.

The report also presented an overview of trade, production and stakeholders in international tea supply chains, and made recommendations to various stakeholders for improving conditions, particularly for plantation workers and tea smallholders, the most vulnerable in the tea industry.

Social issues
Working conditions are often generally still poor. The majority of workers have no job security but are trapped in low-paid temporary labour with little or no prospects of finding a better job in the region. Being a seasonal labourer means no income when your are ill, pregnant or otherwise unfit to work. It often also means less pay and fewer social benefits such as medical care, housing, education and pensions. There are clear indications that their numbers are rising mostly because of increasing smallholder production that relies on family and temporary labour only.

Wages for plantation workers, the majority of the workforce in this sector, are generally low. Wages for workers on large plantations were found to be mostly above or at minimum-wage levels in Sri Lanka, Kenya, Malawi and India. In Indonesia, however, temporary/seasonal workers on large plantations are often paid around or below minimum-wage levels. And because piece rates are lower, workers on smallholder tea gardens are often paid less than those on large estates, in all the countries studied (except Vietnam).

Because piece rates are also common for seasonal workers on large plantations in Malawi, Indonesia and Kenya (also for permanent workers) income fluctuates with the season, strength and aptitude. Minimum wage levels are often set too low in the countries studied and are not sufficient to support a worker and his/her family.

Independent trade unions are non-existent, corrupt or ineffective, which means that workers have little or no power to bargain collectively and/or otherwise to defend their rights except to some extend in Sri Lanka and India. Because temporary workers are not unionised, they are not represented and have little possibility to change their working conditions. In addition, increasing casualisation of work also means weaker unions.

Tea picking is hard work and workers often have to protect themselves from work-related injuries at their own expense. Pesticides are often applied without proper protection. Back pains, fractures from falling and respiratory illnesses are common, while medical care is not always adequate. In some countries, malnutrition on tea estates is still a big problem which leads to all kinds of medical problems including in some cases infant death and starvation.

Many plantation communities in these countries have inadequate access to basic facilities such as drinking water, sanitation and electricity. Discrimination along both gender and ethnic lines is widespread. Women are subject to sexual harassment in Kenya and Malawi and have fewer or no possibilities for promotion in most of the countries studied.

The housing situation is often bleak, especially in some countries. Houses for plantation workers tend to be overcrowded in Kenya and are sometimes in bad condition (eg. leaking roofs and in need of repainting). There are indications that child labour is being addressed on the large estates in Malawi and Kenya. While the literature claims that it is endemic, it could not be observed directly during the research and was reported only on smallholder farms in Malawi. The current situation regarding the extent of child labour in the countries studied therefore remains uncertain.

Environmental issues
The environmental impacts of the industry are considerable. There is significant biodiversity loss when high biodiversity areas such as forests are converted to tea plantations. Along with habitat conversion, logging for firewood to process tea, in particular, has caused extensive deforestation in countries such as Kenya, Sri Lanka, Malawi and India. Energy consumption for tea processing is also high which is aggravated by often inefficient and outdated machinery. In some countries, such as India, Sri Lanka and Vietnam, abundant application of pesticides is also negatively affecting the local and wider environment (water pollution, reduced soil biodiversity).

Economic issues
Tea is “ready to drink” when exported by producing countries, but the downstream stages such as blending, packing and marketing are the most profitable. This part of the value chain is controlled by a handful of multinational tea packers and brokers, which as a result can considerably influence world prices. While real prices for tea on the shop shelves remained stable, average real auction prices in the recent past were roughly half of those in the eighties. This has led to uneven value distribution along the supply chain.

While tea is traditionally a product from large plantations, also known as estates, smallholders are becoming increasingly important in the industry as well. In Sri Lanka and Kenya for example they are responsible for about 65 and 62 percent of total production respectively. In these countries they have received considerable government support.

The cultivation of tea is attractive to small farmers because tea provides work and income throughout the year, requires relatively little investment, and the risk of complete crop failure is small. Small farmers may sell their green leaves to collectors, plantations or processors.

Problematic issues for smallholders include low farm gate prices, poor extension services, limited market channels, poor access to credit and low level of farmer organisation. In general workers on smallscale farms have lower wages and less benefits than workers on large plantations.

Forces of hindrance and advancement
Producers, smallholders and other stakeholders in the tea sector in the countries studied indicated that the costs of production have been clearly rising. They pointed mostly to higher costs for labour, fuel and electricity. Other factors raising production costs that were identified in the case studies include mismanagement, age of tea bushes, high overhead costs, bad agricultural practices, low labour productivity, climate change and dilapidated infrastructure leading higher transportation costs.
As a result of factors such as increasing primary production costs, falling prices and globalisation that has facilitated increased trade and enhanced competition between tea exporting countries, the tea sector is seeing restructuring take place, especially in India with estates being abandoned and closed, which often has dire consequences for plantation communities.

The plantation model, which in India and Sri Lanka is governed by strict plantation labour laws, is considered burdensome in terms of the costs of production. The costs of production on smallholder tea farms have remained relatively lower than on the estates primarily because there are many hidden family labour costs, and also because the smallholders do not have to bear any social costs.

Consequentially the smallholder production model has become more attractive and important in these and in the other tea producing countries reviewed (Malawi excepted). The growth of smallholder tea production worldwide could present sustainability challenges precisely because regulation in this sub sector is less strict and farming practices may be less environmentally friendly. But also, in the longer term, as a result of the difficulty of including these producers in export-oriented supply chains with increasing quality, social and environmental demands. This is because smallholder models also present challenges in terms of lower traceability, quality and continuous supply.

Along with the effects of restructuring and changing modes of production capturing value added in tea supply chains, increasing quality and dealing with food safety standards such as Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) and Maximum Residue Levels (MRL) present a challenge in varying degrees for the tea producing countries studied. Because the implementation of such private and public standards that are mostly set by Western-governments, can raise costs without necessarily raising income or increasing market share, they are often seen as non-tariff barriers in producing countries.

Especially Sri Lanka but also India and Kenya have been more successful than the other countries reviewed in capturing value added by among other things exporting tea in tea bags, tea in packets and instant tea.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has not received much attention to date in the tea sector, either in producing or consuming countries, when compared to the banana or coffee sectors, for instance.  It was found that at the producing country level, more advanced CSR policies and practices have remained confined to a few big plantation companies. Awareness among other industry actors and stakeholders, such as workers, unions and smallholders, of the benefits and the concept of CSR is low. However it is also clear that CSR is increasingly becoming a focal point in the industry.

(The writer can be contacted at treecrops@gmail.com)

Nov 232013
Italy Shock UAE With 67-Run Win
Saturday 23 November 2013 

by John Pennington

Gareth Berg

Gareth Berg took a couple of wickets as Italy beat UAE by 67 runs

International Cricket Council


Italy’s win puts them back in contention for qualification

International Cricket Council

Italy have delivered the latest upset at the ICC World Twenty20 2014 Qualifier by beating hosts United Arab Emirates while there were also wins for Nepal, Namibia and the Netherlands.

Group A

The upset of the day came as Italy beat United Arab Emirates by 67 runs to revive their chances of making the play-offs.

Damian Crowley hammered 59 in 48 balls while Peter Petricola hit 38 and Carl Sandri 30 not out to help India post 158 for five.

In reply, UAE slipped to 14 for four and never recovered, bowled out for 91 in 16.2 overs. Shan Munasinghe took three for 19, Crowley two for 10 and Gareth Berg two for 21.

Namibia‘s seven-wicket win over Canada ends the Canadians chances of reaching the ICC World Twenty20 next year.

Canada started well enough, Ruvindu Gunasekera hitting 25 and Jimmy Hansra 23 but they were bowled out for 117, unable to build their innings. Nicholaas Scholtz took five for 13 and Bernard Scholtz two for 19.

Raymond van Schoor then hit 58 in 55 balls and Craig Williams 37 not out in 33 deliveries as Namibia reached their target with three balls to spare.

Standings: Ireland 11 points, Hong Kong 10 points, United Arab Emirates 8 points, Namibia 6 points, Italy 5 points, Uganda, USA 3 points, Canada 2 points

Group B

The Netherlands bounced back from their defeat to Scotland by beating Kenya by 29 runs.

Michael Swart (44) and Wesley Barresi (28) top scored as the Dutch posted 130 for seven and they then restricted Kenya to 101 for seven.

In the seventh over, Kenya were 10 for six, from which point there was no way back.

Mudassar Bukhari took three for 14 and Swart two for eight and some respectability was restored to Kenya by Shem Ngoche’s 38 in 28 balls.

Gyanendra Malla hit 39 in 22 balls and Subash Khakurel 35 in as many balls as Nepal beat Bermuda by 21 runs.

A late collapse saw Nepal close on 148 for eight as Malachi Jones, Allan Douglas II and Dion Stovell took two wickets.

However, Bermuda could not capitalise on their strong finish in the field when they were bowled out for 127.

They lost wickets early and were 15 for four although Janeiro Tucker’s 48 in 31 balls gave them some hope before Nepal came back, Jitendra Mukhiya finishing with three for 25, Avinash Karn two for 14 and Paras Khadka two for 23.

Standings: Afghanistan, Netherlands 10 points, Nepal 8 points, Kenya, Scotland 6 points, Papua New Guinea 5 points, Bermuda 4 points, Denmark 1 point

© Cricket World 2013

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Nov 162013
Six Teams Make It Two Wins In A Row
Saturday 16 November 2013 

by John Pennington

Steven Taylor

Steven Taylor hit 91 for USA but ended up on the losing side

International Cricket Council

Gary Wilson

Gary Wilson added vital late runs for Ireland

International Cricket Council

Paras Khadka

Paras Khadka hit an unbeaten half-century as Nepal beat Kenya

International Cricket Council

On day two of the ICC World Twenty20 2014 Qualifier in the United Arab Emirates, six teams won their second match of the tournament.

In Group A, Hong Kong, Ireland and United Arab Emirates backed up wins on the opening day and in Group B, Bermuda, Nepal and Papua New Guinea did likewise.

On another day full of drama, the highlights were perhaps Nepal scoring 20 runs in four balls to chase down a big target against Kenya and Canada almost beating Ireland before falling two runs short.

Group A

Ireland didn’t make a great start to their innings against Canada, losing openers William Porterfield (5) and Paul Stirling (16) cheaply but they kicked on later on thanks to Trent Johnston (39 not out in 24 balls) and Kevin O’Brien (31) to post 168 for five.

The runs that Johnston, Gary Wilson (24) and John Mooney (14 not out) were able to add in the last five overs proved vital.

Canada made the worst possible start when Max Sorensen trapped Hiral Patel in front with the first ball of the innings and then lost Rizwan Cheema to the next ball, bowled by the same bowler.

A brilliant 125-run partnership from Ruvindu Gunasekara (65 in 52 balls) and Ashish Bagai (67 not out in 55 balls) brought the Canadians back into the game although the departure of Gunasekara in the 16th over was a huge blow.

Nevertheless, with Jimmy Hansra joining Bagai the match could have gone either way. Ireland looked to have done enough when Canada needed 14 to win from the final over only for Hansra to hit the fourth ball for six.

Left with four needed to win from the final ball, Hansra connected cleanly enough but instead of finding the boundary, found Niall O’Brien who made a diving stop close to the ropes to hand Ireland the win, Hansra ending unbeaten on 22 and Canada on 166 for three.

United Arab Emirates beat Namibia by five wickets with an over to spare. Despite Christi Viljoen getting them off to a flyer with 35, Namibia only managed to post 120 for nine after being pegged back by Rohan Mustafa’s three for 14 and two for 29 from Nasir Aziz.

Mohammad Azam then hit 56, Khurram Khan 23 and Shaiman Anwar 16 to make it two out of two for UAE who play Ireland in an early top-of-the-table clash tomorrow (17th November).

Hong Kong‘s second win came in a low-scoring match against Uganda in which Tanwir Afzal played a key role with bat and ball.

Opening the bowling, he took three for 12 from four overs as Uganda were dismissed for 105.

Hong Kong then made heavy weather of the run chase and at 78 for six in the 17th over, Afzal turned the game with two sixes, going on to finish unbeaten on 26 in 12 balls at the start of the 19th over to give Hong Kong a four-wicket win.

United States of America‘s Steven Taylor hit 91 but ended up on the losing side as Italy won by six wickets.

Taylor hit six fours and five sixes in 56 balls and with Karan Ganesh making 36 in 34 deliveries, USA posted a competitive 160 for five.

However, Gareth Berg opened for Italy and cracked 90 in 47 deliveries with 15 fours and one six. He departed at the end of the 13th over to give USA hope but they were beaten thanks to Carl Sandri’s unbeaten 27 in 16 and Damian Crowley’s 15, the Italians getting home with four balls to spare.

Standings: Hong Kong, Ireland, United Arab Emirates 4 points, Italy, USA 2 points, Canada, Namibia, Uganda 0 points

Group B

Papua New Guinea followed up their brilliant opening day win over Kenya by posting 193 for three and then beating the Netherlands by 52 runs.

Tony Ura scored the first century of the tournament, hitting exactly 100 in 60 balls with Kila Pala making 57 in 40 balls alongside him. The pair put on 127 for the second wicket to set the Dutch an insurmountable target.

Regardless of what target they might have been chasing, they weren’t going to get there once they slipped to 15 for five in reply. Norman Vanua led the way with the ball by taking three for 12 before the Netherlands restored some pride by rallying to score 141 for nine, Michael Rippon hitting 50 in 40 balls.

Kenya failed to defend a big score for the second day in a row. After being humbled by PNG on day one, they posted 182 for seven and despite Nepal needing 17 from the final over, the Africans came off second best.

Rakep Patel had earlier struck a fine 103 in 45 balls as he helped Kenya recover from a poor start. From 32 for four, he and Ouma (37) put on 131 together and despite both Jitendra Mukhiya and Basant Regmi taking two wickets, Kenya would have been confident they had enough runs on the board.

Nepal lost Pradeep Airee for one but hit back with Subash Khakurel making 54 in 48 balls and Gyanendra Malla 32 in 22 deliveries.

When they fell, Paras Khadka came in and kept Nepal’s hopes alive but when Binod Bhandari went for 12 in the penultimate over, they looked to have been left with too much to do.

As Khadka, who finished unbeaten on 54 on 31 balls, was not on strike, it was left to Sharad Vesawkar to try to do the seemingly impossible but he managed it by taking on Raghab Aga and from the first four balls of the final over hitting six, two, six, six to hand Nepal a memorable six-wicket win with two balls to spare.

Afghanistan got off the mark with a 17-run win over Scotland who are still looking for their first win of the competition.

After being bowled out for 90 on the opening day, Afghanistan’s batsmen made a much better fist of things this time around, scoring 171 for six. Mohammad Nabi struck some huge blows in his 46 in 29 balls, opener Mohammad Shahzad cracked 42 in 22 and Samiullah Shenwari was unbeaten on 31 in 29.

Iain Wardlaw picked up three for 40 and Gordon Goudie two for 29.

Richie Berrington then gave Scotland a fast start with 19 before a 76-run stand between Calum MacLeod (56) and Matt Machan (54) gave the Afghans plenty to worry about.

However, once Dawlat Zadran had dismissed MacLeod and Shapoor Zadran done for Machan, Scotland were unable to keep their challenge alive, Shapoor striking again to finish with two for 30 and a couple of run outs preventing Scotland from taking the game to the wire.

They closed on 154 for six having needed to score an unlikely 24 from the final over to win.

Bermuda shocked Scotland on the opening day but delivered an expected victory over Denmark, winning by nine wickets.

Denmark’s struggles with the bat continued as they reached 111 for eight, Hamid Shah top scoring with 31 and Frederik Klokker hitting 23. Derrick Brangman took three for 29, Dion Stovell two for 14 and Jacobi Robinson two for 15.

Stovel then thumped 24 in 11 balls before an unbroken second-wicket partnership of 75 between Tre Manders (45 not out) and David Hemp (27 not out) eased Bermuda home with more than three overs in hand.

Standings: Bermuda, Nepal, Papua New Guinea 4 points, Afghanistan, Netherlands 2 points, Denmark, Kenya, Scotland 0 points

© Cricket World 2013

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Nov 132013
PNG Upset Ireland As Warm-Ups Conclude
Wednesday 13 November 2013 

by John Pennington

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea beat Ireland by 18 runs in their final warm-up game

International Cricket Council

Papua New Guinea’s 18-run win over Ireland was the biggest story from the final day of warm-up matches ahead of the ICC World Twenty20 2014 Qualifier in the United Arab Emirates.

PNG, who beat Uganda in their first warm-up yesterday, successfully defended 161 for eight to defeat Ireland while there were also wins for Afghanistan, Bermuda, Kenya, Netherlands, Scotland, UAE and USA.

The tournament gets underway with all 16 teams in action on 15th November.

Papua New Guinea have now firmly established themselves as a side to look out for in Group B after their latest win over Ireland.

Four players reached double figures as they posted 161 for eight but that proved enough. Geraint Jones top scored with 39 and Kila Pala made 36 before their bowlers, led by John Reva (3-25) and Norman Vanua (2-27) restricted Ireland to 143 for seven from their 20 overs.

Gary Wilson top scored for Ireland with 36 but by then they were well behind the required run rate and they failed to overcome it.

There is plenty of history between Nepal and USA and on this occasion USA prevailed by five wickets with two balls remaining to write another fascinating chapter.

36 proved to be a popular score as it was Gyenedra Malla’s tally before he was run out and thanks to Sharad Vesawkar’s 26 and Binod Bhandari’s 22, Nepal reached 129 for seven.

USA’s top order gave them a decent start, Steven Taylor (20), Akeem Dodson (19) and Elmore Hutchinson (33) all contributing before Nepal hit back.

Reduced to 96 for five in the 17th over, USA needed a steadying hand and they found it in Timroy Allen, whose unbeaten 32 in 25 balls saw them home in the final over.

Afghanistan bounced back from a disappointing defeat to Canada by outclassing Uganda during a six-wicket win.

Neither side found run-scoring particularly easy; illustrated by the fact that Uganda struggled to 76 for nine and the Afghans lost four wickets in 12.2 overs before completing the formalities.

Only two Ugandans reached double figures as Mohammad Nabi (2-2) and Samiullah Shenwari (2-15) excelled.

Mohammad Shahzad then made 22 for Afghanistan, who then lost three wickets for 26 runs before they were steered to victory by Nabi (14 not out) and Gulbadin Naib (25 not out).

Scotland eased to a nine-wicket win over Namibia, reaching their victory target of 117 in 12.2 overs.

Neil Carter took two for 23 to limit the Namibians to 116 for six despite Christi Viljoen hammering 47 in 43 balls. There was also a wicket apiece for Iain Wardlaw, Safyaan Sharif and Rob Taylor.

Although Richie Berrington fell early for five, Scotland were barely troubled in their run chase as Calum MacLeod hit 62 not out in 43 balls and Matt Machan was unbeaten on 43 in 27 deliveries.

The clash of mainland Europe’s best sides – on the evidence of the past two days, in any case – saw Italy make the Netherlands work hard for their six-wicket win.

70 in 52 balls from Damien Crowley, 39 in 31 from Peter Petricola and 16 in 14 balls from Carl Sandri were Italy’s scores of note as they posted 146 for seven.

However, they would come to rue the inability for any others to make a sizeable contribution as they were unable to capitalise on taking two early Dutch wickets.

At 10 for two, the Netherlands had Eric Szwarczynski to thank for seeing them home with an unbeaten 59 in 43 balls. The dismissals of Daan van Bunge (12) and Ben Cooper (14) left them at 67 for four before Szwarczynski was joined by Peter Borren, who thumped 48 not out in 25 balls to emphatically finish the game with more than three overs to spare.

Europe’s other challengers, Denmark, endured another poor outing as they were comprehensively beaten by the United Arab Emirates.

Denmark failed to break triple figures for the second day in a row, closing on 90 for seven as accurate UAE bowling and an improved fielding effort dried up the runs. Kamran Mahmood top scored with just 24 while Amjad Javed deserves credit for his return of three for seven in four overs and Shadeep Silva took two for 21.

Mohammad Azam then hit 30, Saqib Ali 17 not out and Shaiman Anwar 14 to guide UAE to a six-wicket victory in the 13th over.

Another team failing to reach 100 was Hong Kong but although they were dismissed by Kenya for 99, they took the game down to the final over.

Steve Tikolo, enjoying his comeback, took three for 12 and Hiren Varaiya two for 16 as spin proved to be effective against the Hong Kong batsmen, for whom Irfan Ahmed top scored with 23.

From scoring 200 against Denmark to failing to reach 100 against Kenya shows just how unpredictable and entertaining Twenty20 cricket can be – as did the finish to this match.

Kenya started poorly, slipping to 31 for three before Irfan Karim made 37 in as many balls to move them closer to their target. When he fell in the 18th over they were 81 for six and in need of some boundaries, which eventually came, from the bats of Thomas Odoyo (15 not out) and Nehemiah Odhiambo (8 not out).

Needing six to win from the final over, Rakep Patel was dismissed by Moner Ahmed only for Odhiambo to seal a three-wicket success with two fours in three balls, the win coming with one ball remaining.

There was high drama in the game between Bermuda and Canada where the former clinched a three-wicket win as the final over went for 19 runs.

Kwame Tucker (10 not out in eight balls) and Kamau Leverock (6 not out in two) were the Bermudan heroes as they successfully chased down 186 to win.

Thanks to Hiral Patel’s 64 in 50 balls and Ashish Bagai’s 47 in 30, Canada were looking good at the halfway stage and were in a strong position throughout much of the second innings.

However, thanks to Dion Stovell making 55 and Janeiro Tucker 42 in 20 balls, Bermuda kept themselves in with a chance, and despite the odds being very much against them at the end, they managed to take it.

© Cricket World 2013

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Nov 122013
Wins For Canada, Hong Kong, Kenya, PNG
Tuesday 12 November 2013 

by John Pennington

Ashish Bagai, Canada

Ashish Bagai helped Canada to an impressive win over Afghanistan

International Cricket Council

The second set of warm-up games ahead of the ICC World Twenty20 2014 Qualifier in the United Arab Emirates ended with wins for Canada, Hong Kong, Kenya and Papua New Guinea.

Canada overturned Afghanistan to claim an impressive seven-wicket win, Hong Kong thrashed Denmark by 140 runs, Kenya beat Namibia by 37 runs and Papua New Guinea were too strong for Uganda, running out the victors by six wickets.

When the tournament gets underway in three days time, Afghanistan will be bidding to reach their third straight ICC World Twenty20 Finals, but they will have been rocked by losing to Canada, who have never qualified.

They started poorly, losing wickets to Harvir Baidwan, Raza Rehman, Henry Osinde and Junaid Siddiqui and it needed 48 not out in 33 balls from Najibullah Zadran to partially make up for the shortcomings of the top order and get the Afghans up to 128 for five.

That is the sort of score that you need to be on top of your game to defend, and although Afghanistan pushed Canada all the way, they were not able to deliver the required performance in the field.

Ruvindu Gunasekara hit 39 in 44 balls and Ashish Bagai 53 not out in 45 to ensure Canada reached their target with three balls to spare.

The day’s most one-sided fixture was Hong Kong‘s demolition of Denmark. They put together a superb batting effort to make 200 for six and then faced with a daunting target, Denmark collapsed to be all out for just 60.

Irfan Ahmed (45), Nizakat Khan (40) and Babar Hayat (69 not out in 37 balls) were the batting heroes for Hong Kong and after Denmark’s openers were both run out, Aizaz Khan picked up figures of three for two and Nizakat two for six to complete a fine all-round day for himself.

Top scorers for the struggling Danes were Aftab Ahmed and Hamid Shah, who both made 16.

Kenya prepared for this tournament by heading to Sri Lanka, and although they only won one game out of the seven that were played, they started strongly here with a 37-run success over fellow African challengers Namibia.

It was another story of the lower order helping out the top order as Kenya slumped to 64 for four as Bernard Scholtz took three for 14.

Namibia’s progress was checked by Thomas Odoyo, who hit 42 in 31 balls and Rakep Patel, who fell to the last ball of the innings of 160 for five having made 52 in just 27 deliveries.

Namibia then collapsed to 15 for three and never really recovered. A good opening burst from Nehemiah Odhiambo (2-11) put Kenya in the ascendency and with Elijah Otieno (2-11) and Shem Ngoche (3-12) also in good form, Namibia found themselves quickly out of the game.

Sarel Burger made 30 in as many balls and JP Kotze smashed 27 in 15 balls but their efforts proved to be in vain as they were bowled out for 123 in 18.3 overs.

Papua New Guinea‘s bowlers set up their comprehensive seven-wicket win over Uganda. Charles and Christopher Amini took two wickets apiece Mahuru Dai one as Uganda were restricted to just 114 for five in their 20 overs.

They were 53 for five before Almuzahim Saleh added a touch of respectability to their score with 42 not out in 41 balls.

Assad Vala made 24 at the top of the order for PNG before former Ashes-winning wicket-keeper Geraint Jones showed his experience with 38 in 39 balls.

Nevertheless, at 93 for four, the game was briefly back in the balance before Charles Amini and Dai combined as effectively with the bat as they had with the ball to see PNG home – both men unbeaten on 17.

The next set of warm-up fixtures tomorrow are as follows:

Afghanistan v Uganda, Sharjah
Bermuda v Canada, Dubai
Hong Kong v Kenya, Abu Dhabi
Ireland v Papua New Guinea, Dubai
Italy v Netherland, Dubai
Namibia v Scotland, Abu Dhabi
Nepal v USA, Abu Dhabi
UAE v Denmark, Abu Dhabi

© Cricket World 2013

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Nov 012013
Kenya Take First Win After Sri Lankans Win Series
Friday 1 November 2013 

by John Pennington

Rakep Patel

Rakep Patel hit the last ball of game five for four to win it for Kenya

International Cricket Council

Kenya won the fifth Twenty20 game against Sri Lanka ‘A’ by six wickets in a last-ball thriller after the Sri Lankans had already won the series with a nine-wicket win in game four.

After Kenya limped to 99 for nine in the opening game of the second double-header, Sri Lanka eased to victory only to be beaten in the afternoon.

Their score of 134 all out almost proved to be enough but Rakep Patel hit the last ball to the boundary to seal Kenya’s first win, making the series score 4-1 to the home side with two games remaining.

The series is part of Kenya’s preparations for the ICC World Twenty20 2014 Qualifier, which gets underway in the United Arab Emirates on 15th November.

The first match of the day saw their batting falter with only Morris Ouma (28) making much headway. Ramith Rambukwella and Lahiru Jayarathne took two wickets apiece and there was one each for Shaminda Eranga, Isuru Udana and Milinda Siriwardene.

The Sri Lankans lost Upul Tharanga, bowled by Elijah Otieno for six but were otherwise untroubled in their pursuit of 100.

Kushal Perera hit 54 not out in 43 balls and Dinesh Chandimal 32 in as many deliveries to see them home in just 13.5 overs.

The roles were reversed in the later game, however.

Batting first, Sri Lanka were dismissed as Angelo Perera (54) was the only batsman to consistently get on top of the bowling.

Nehamiah Odhiambo returned three for 24, Otieno two for 29 and Hiren Varaiya two for 20 as Kenya produced their best performance of the series so far.

They still needed to bat well and thanks to David Allan’s 38 and Ouma’s 64 in 55 balls, they kept themselves in the game.

However, Ouma was run out by Udana with the scores level off the penultimate ball, but as he had crossed with Patel, the experienced batsman was on strike and able to hit the winning runs.

The final pair of games are tomorrow (2nd November).

© Cricket World 2013

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